The Tyranny of the Meritocracy (Kindle ePUB) AUTHOR Lani Guinier

  • Hardcover
  • 176
  • The Tyranny of the Meritocracy
  • Lani Guinier
  • en
  • 10 September 2019
  • 9780807006276

Lani Guinier ´ 0 CHARACTERS

CHARACTERS Í The Tyranny of the Meritocracy Lani Guinier ´ 0 CHARACTERS Years examining the experiences of ethnic minorities and of women at the nation’s top institutions of higher education and here she lays bare the practices that impede the stated missions of these schools Goaded on by a contemporary culture that establishes value through ranking and sorting universities assess applicants using the vocabulary of private highly individualized merit As a result of private merit standards and ever increasing tuitions our colleges and universities increasingly are failing in their mission to provide educational opportunity and to prepare students for productive and engaged citizenship To reclaim higher education as a cornerstone of democracy Guinier argues that institutions of higher learning must focus on admitting and educating a class of students who will be critical t. One of the purposes of a public education system in a democratic society is to prepare citizens to participate effectively and meaningfully in the processes that govern us A healthy democracy depends on everyone having eual opportunity to understand and shape public action When our education system produces a culture of competition instead of collaboration or when it produces citizens who cannot work together to solve problems or incorporate diverse voices this has important conseuences for democracy The Tyranny of the Meritocracy Democratizing Higher Education in America by Lani Guinier discusses crucial and disconcerting issues in America s higher education system particularly the reliance on standardized testing for college admissions I found Part I which addresses the problem as a whole extremely insightful and well researched and writtenPart II which discusses potential solutions is lacking While the author eventually gets to the point and lays out some ideas and successful examples the first couple chapters of Part II simply read as case studies divorced from the main narrative Rather than seeing the case studies as practical solutions to the testocracy problem the reader is forced to infer the connection to the thesis Sadly the solution proposals seem like common sense but educators and schools that successfully address the problem of ineuality in education are few and far betweenThe final chapter ends abruptly and the Conclusion does a poor job of tying everything together and and back to Guinier s thesis In fact the conclusion reads as of a mini autobiography with some inspirational uotes thrown inHowever as an educator I am fascinated by the data and examples used to discuss the problem This is an issue that is constantly on my mind and the statistics and anecdotes regarding the American higher education system puts a lot of my day to day experiences in education into a global perspective democracy elitism etc Finally Part II makes me feel very lucky to have worked in a school that so closely resembles the successful case studiesI received this book for free through Goodreads First Reads Giveaways

CHARACTERS The Tyranny of the Meritocracy

The Tyranny of the Meritocracy

CHARACTERS Í The Tyranny of the Meritocracy Lani Guinier ´ 0 CHARACTERS Hinkers active citizens and publicly spirited leaders Guinier presents a plan for considering “democratic merit” a system that measures the success of higher education not by the personal ualities of the students who enter but by the work and service performed by the graduates who leave Guinier goes on to offer vivid examples of communities that have developed effective learning strategies based not on an individual’s “merit” but on the collaborative strength of a group learning and working together supporting members and evolving into powerful collectives Examples are taken from across the country and include a wide range of approaches each innovative and effective Guinier argues for reformation not only of the very premises of admissions practices but of the shape of higher education itself. This one gets five stars based on the discussion that it should bring about in education This book challenges many popular beliefs about testing and how best to teach students The author s two main theses are 1 We should scrap the SAT and other standardized tests as they are poor determinants of college success and 2 Students learn much working in groups rather than as individuals She brings evidence to support her conclusions I am not ready to jump on the bandwagon whole hog but am willing to consider what she says as I am in the teaching profession

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CHARACTERS Í The Tyranny of the Meritocracy Lani Guinier ´ 0 CHARACTERS A fresh and bold argument for revamping our standards of “merit” and a clear blueprint for creating collaborative education models that strengthen our democracy rather than privileging individual elitesStanding on the foundations of America’s promise of eual opportunity our universities purport to serve as engines of social mobility and practitioners of democracy But as acclaimed scholar and pioneering civil rights advocate Lani Guinier argues the merit systems that dictate the admissions practices of these institutions are functioning to select and privilege elite individuals rather than create learning communities geared to advance democratic societies Having studied and taught at schools such as Harvard University Yale Law School and the University of Pennsylvania Law School Guinier has spent. Lani Guinier professor of law at Harvard University has written a persuasive argument against the prevalence of high stakes testing particularly the SAT as the primary way of evaluating and predicting student achievement Her argument however is not only against the inaccuracy of the testing process but of the very purpose of education in general and colleges in particular Instead of merely a means of accessing powerful and lucrative employment Guinier focuses on the function of education as a means of creating thinking participatory citizens who work collaboratively with others and leave school prepared and willing to contribute to society and to become leadersI found the first part of the book the most interesting Guinier demonstrates how the current meritocracy or as she also calls it testocracy replicates current socio economic status and create individualists who compete with others at the expense of public policy and a healthy society Students who score well on the SATs are usually those who have been taught how to take a test successfully not necessarily those who think most creatively or effectively and certainly not those who consider the welfare of others or the group as a whole By focusing intensively on test success we create a society of takers rather than givers We also exclude most of the society from access to institutions that Guinier argues should function as shapers of society not merely gateways to a narrowly defined successBut although many colleges consider factors outside of the SATs for admissions most primary and secondary schools also fail to prepare students to work collaboratively with others or problem solve creatively In the second part of the book Guinier examines programs that have worked to turn this focus around at all levels Professors who have moved from lecture oriented to collaborative focused classes where students work in groups to both challenge and support each other have seen test scores rise across the board and discrepancies between students from minority groups and the traditionally high scoring white male students disappearIn the final section of the book and for me the least interesting Guinier reviews the well documented and publicized studies showing that students who believe that intelligence is malleable and success based on effort rather than innate ualities over which one has little or no control are successful than students who view intelligence as a fixed uality I found the first section of the book the most successful and interesting The second section tended to focus on such specific examples that the flow of the book virtually halted However the examples were interesting and did point the way for systemic changes that could change the course of American democracyThe book is brief but passionate and for me convincing in its arguments for a inclusive democratic view of student potential and how to develop itIn the interest of transparency I won this book through LibraryThing s Early Reviewer program in exchange for an honest review